Australia 1852Map Description Australia from the Collins Atlas of 1852
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This map of Australia is from “The College Atlas” by H.G. Collins, 22 Paternoster Row, London which was published in 1852. The descriptive text that follows is compiled from the “Universal Gazetteer and Geographical Dictionary" published by John Thomson & Co, Edinburgh in 1843.Australia, (The South Parts,) a name adopted to designate the countries that form, what has been called, the fifth division of the globe. It was formerly called New Holland, but now Australia, lying between 115. 0. and 153. 0 E. Long., and 10. 30 and 39. 0. S. Lat., with an indefinite number of smaller islands, lying to the south-east and north. Australia, as now exhibited in geography, is divided into two great regions, the one comprehending the eastern half, which is called New South Wales, and the other, the western, which is called New Holland. It extends in length about 2400 miles, with an average breadth of about 2000 miles., and is divided from Van Diemen’s Land by Bass’s Straits, which extend north to south, about 140 miles. The other islands belonging to Australia lie in the Pacific Ocean, in groups, or scattered over the wide sea. The island called Van Diemen’s Land, or Tasmania, lies south of Australia, between 41 and 43 S. Lat., and 145 and 147 E. Long. The first discoverer of Australia was L. V. de Torres, a Spaniard, in a voyage of discovery 1605-1607, but this vast country claimed little of European consideration until our countryman, Captain Cook, directed the public attention to it as a place well-adapted for European colonisation. The settlements of Australia are altogether English. The colony of Botany Bay, or Sydney, is in a flourishing state. Van Diemen’s Land, Swan River, Adelaide etc, are all in a state of great and rapid improvement , and continually receiving supplies of able-bodies and skilful settlers, with all the energies of the most advanced state of civilisation; and, from the rapidity of its increase, promising to be a powerful and commanding state.